Für Reisende, die den Westen der Vereinigten Staaten besuchen, ist Las Vegas in Nevada ein absolut obligatorisches Ziel, weil es keine Worte oder Bilder gibt. Daher stammt auch die Namensgebung, denn "Las Vegas" bedeutet "grüne Auen". Die Stadtgründung erfolgte Im Zuge des Goldrauschs kurze Zeit später. In den ersten Jahren seiner Existenz war Las Vegas nur ein Eisenbahnknotenpunkt in der Mitte der Mojave-Wüste in Nevada. Glückspiel war lange verboten.
Las Vegas HistoryAm Mai versteigerte die Eisenbahngesellschaft die zuvor erworbenen Flächen an Investoren und Spekulanten. Aufgrund der regen Nachfrage wurden. Mai wird die Stadt. Daher stammt auch die Namensgebung, denn "Las Vegas" bedeutet "grüne Auen". Die Stadtgründung erfolgte Im Zuge des Goldrauschs kurze Zeit später.
Las Vegas Gründung Inhaltsverzeichnis VideoHistory of Las Vegas: Casinos and Crime
The smallest of the North American deserts, the Mojave supports significant human settlement only in the Las Vegas area and at a few points along the Colorado River.
The remainder is pumped from underground aquifers. As more water has been removed from these aquifers, the sandy soils have subsided, leading to fissuring and structural damage of the surface and the formation of large sinkholes.
These fissures are compounded by the damage caused by occasional earthquakes; the Las Vegas Valley, particularly its northwest quadrant, lies in an active fault zone.
Article Contents. Print print Print. Table Of Contents. Der Fondsverwalter Roy Williams hatte nur noch zu unterschreiben. Spätestens als am Diese Rolle übernahm Howard Hughes , der die bis heute gängigen Business-Modelle einführte und so die Gangster langsam verdrängte.
In den er und 80er Jahren galt die Stadt trotzdem als zunehmend heruntergekommen. Der erste Ansatz waren Kongresse und Tagungen, die ein neues Publikum anzogen.
Beim Massenmord in Las Vegas am 1. Las Vegas ist mit Das jährliche Bevölkerungswachstum beträgt 2,0 Prozent Durchschnitt, — Las Vegas wurde als Eisenbahnstadt gegründet und wuchs von Anfang an rasch.
In den er Jahren überschritt die Einwohnerzahl die Im Zeitraum bis hat sich die Einwohnerzahl mehr als verdoppelt. Wegen der inzwischen dichten Besiedlung des Stadtgebiets verlagert sich das Wachstum zunehmend auf die Vororte der Metropolregion, die mittlerweile das Bergland erreicht haben.
Dabei hat die Einwanderung aus dem Ausland überwiegend aus Mexiko in den letzten Jahrzehnten deutlich zugenommen — war nur jeder zehnte Einwohner im Ausland geboren, ist es derzeit bereits fast jeder vierte.
Der Ausländeranteil ist im gleichen Zeitraum von sechs Prozent auf 15 Prozent gestiegen. Bedingt durch die Einwanderung von Lateinamerikanern hat der Anteil des Spanischen in den letzten Jahren stark zugenommen, sodass es mittlerweile von einem Viertel der Bevölkerung zu Hause verwendet wird.
Die übrigen Sprachen machen zusammen acht Prozent aus. Insgesamt geben 16 Prozent der Befragten an, nicht sehr gut Englisch zu sprechen.
Since divorce is easier in Nevada than most other states, many people come from across the country for the easier process. Similarly, Nevada marriages are notoriously easy to get.
Las Vegas has one of the highest marriage rates of U. The primary drivers of the Las Vegas economy are tourism, gaming and conventions, which in turn feed the retail and restaurant industries.
The major attractions in Las Vegas are the casinos and the hotels, although in recent years other new attractions have begun to emerge. Most casinos in the downtown area are located on Fremont Street , with The Stratosphere being one of the exceptions.
Fremont East , adjacent to the Fremont Street Experience, was granted variances to allow bars to be closer together, similar to the Gaslamp Quarter of San Diego, the goal being to attract a different demographic than the Strip attracts.
The year marked the opening of the Northern Club now the La Bayou. The center of the gambling and entertainment industry is located on the Las Vegas Strip , outside the city limits in the surrounding unincorporated communities of Paradise and Winchester in Clark County.
The largest and most notable casinos and buildings are located there. When The Mirage opened in , it started a trend of major resort development on the Las Vegas Strip outside of the city.
This resulted in a drop in tourism in the downtown area, but many recent projects have increased the number of visitors to downtown. An effort has been made by city officials to diversify the economy by attracting health-related, high-tech and other commercial interests.
No state tax for individuals or corporations, as well as a lack of other forms of business-related taxes,  have aided the success of these efforts.
The Fremont Street Experience was built in an effort to draw tourists back to the area, and has been popular since its startup in In , Las Vegas Mayor Oscar Goodman announced plans for Symphony Park , which could include a mixture of offerings, such as residential space and office buildings.
It currently encompasses three large buildings with a total of 5. Trade shows for the furniture and furnishing industries are held there semiannually.
A second expansion was completed in May , with the mall currently offering stores. The former City Hall building is now occupied by the corporate headquarters for the major online retailer, Zappos.
A number of new industries have moved to Las Vegas in recent decades. Online shoe retailer Zappos. Allegiant Air , a low-cost air carrier, launched in with its first hub at McCarran International Airport and headquarters in nearby Summerlin.
Planet 13 Holdings , a cannabis company, have opened the world's largest cannabis dispensary in Las Vegas at , square feet. A growing population means the Las Vegas Valley used 1.
Although water conservation efforts implemented in the wake of a drought have had some success, local water consumption remains 30 percent more than in Los Angeles, and over three times that of San Francisco metropolitan area residents.
By law, the Las Vegas Water Service District "may deny any request for a water commitment or request for a water connection if the District has an inadequate supply of water.
The city is home to an extensive Downtown Arts District , which hosts numerous galleries and events including the annual Las Vegas Film Festival.
The Smith Center for the Performing Arts is situated downtown in Symphony Park and hosts various Broadway shows and other artistic performances.
Las Vegas has earned the moniker "Gambling Capital of the World", as the city currently has the largest strip of land-based casinos in the world.
There are two minor league sports teams that play in the Las Vegas area. Las Vegas has 68 parks. It is also responsible for playgrounds, 23 softball fields, 10 football fields, 44 soccer fields, 10 dog parks, six community centers, four senior centers, skates parks, six swimming pools, and more.
The city of Las Vegas government operates as a council—manager government. The Mayor sits as a Council member-at-large and presides over all of the city council meetings.
The City Manager is responsible for the administration and the day-to-day operations of all municipal services and city departments.
The City Manager maintains intergovernmental relationships with federal, state, county and other local governments.
Much of the Las Vegas metropolitan area is split into neighboring incorporated cities or unincorporated communities. Approximately , people live in unincorporated areas governed by Clark County , and another , live in incorporated cities such as North Las Vegas , Henderson and Boulder City.
A Paiute Indian reservation occupies about 1 acre 0. Las Vegas, home to the Lloyd D. George Federal District Courthouse and the Regional Justice Center, draws numerous companies providing bail, marriage, divorce, tax, incorporation and other legal services.
Primary and secondary public education is provided by the Clark County School District , which is the fifth most populous school district in the nation.
Students totaled , in grades K for school year — The College of Southern Nevada the third largest community college in the United States by enrollment is the main higher education facility in the city.
Las Vegas is served by 22 television stations and 46 radio stations. In , About 11 percent commuted via carpool, 3.
About 2. About 4. The national average was 8. Las Vegas averaged 1. Many are maintained by the Nevada Department of Transportation as state highways.
The street numbering system is divided by the following streets:. Interstates 15, , and US 95 lead out of the city in four directions.
Route 95 — cross in downtown Las Vegas. US 93 splits from I northeast of Las Vegas and goes north through the eastern part of the state, serving Ely and Wells.
In , McCarran Field was established for commercial air traffic. In the University of Nevada, Las Vegas was first established, initially as a branch of the University of Nevada, Reno and becoming independent in A new utility company, Southwest Gas expanded into Las Vegas in These atmospheric tests would continue until enactment of the Partial Test Ban Treaty in when the tests moved underground.
The last test explosion was in In , Howard Hughes , the eccentric hero of the American aviation industry, and noted American entrepreneurial financier with vast connections to long established networks in the country, moved to Las Vegas.
Initially staying in the Desert Inn , he refused to vacate his room and instead decided to purchase the entire hotel.
He was instrumental in changing the image of Las Vegas from its Wild West roots into a more refined cosmopolitan city.
The local newspaper Las Vegas Sun and its editor Hank Greenspun led a crusade in those days to expose all the criminal ties, activities, and government corruption in Las Vegas.
His investigative reporting and editorials led to the exposure of Clark County Sheriff Glen Jones ' ownership of a brothel and the resignation of Lieutenant Governor Clifford A.
Jones as the state's national committeeman for the Democratic Party. Before his death in , Hank Greenspun founded The Greenspun Corporation to manage his family's assets, and it remains a major influence in Las Vegas, with media holdings in print, television and the Internet; substantial real estate holdings; and ownership stakes in a number of casinos.
Because of this, the city lost tax revenue. Under Nevada Law, an incorporated town, Las Vegas, cannot annex an unincorporated township.
To this day, virtually all of the Strip remains outside the City of Las Vegas. Much like in other American settled counties and towns throughout the United States, entertainment venues were segregated between black- and white-owned businesses.
With almost all of the businesses owned and operated by whites, Black Americans were barred from entering the venues which remained focused, regardless of their legitimacy or criminality, on entertaining a white-only clientele.
As a result of property deeds, businesses owned by or mainly serving non-whites were confined to clubs on the "west side" of the tracks.
This also was enforced in many of the work positions. Thus, African Americans except those who provided the labor for low-paying menial positions or entertainment and Hispanics were limited in employment occupations at the white-owned clubs.
However, because of employment deals with black worker groups, many clubs favored black workers, and the Hispanic population actually decreased ninety percent from 2, to just by the mids.
Organized crime-owned businesses saw an opportunity in not dividing their clientele by race and, despite property deeds and city and county codes barring such activities, made several attempts at desegregating their businesses in the hopes of putting out of operation the non-white owned clubs and expanding their own market share.
An attempt was made at forming an all-integrated night-club modeled on the Harlem Clubs of New York City during the s and s, like those owned by German-Jewish gangster Dutch Schultz.
It was a very upscale and racially integrated casino that actually competed against the resorts on the Strip, especially the non-white owned strips on the west side.
By the end of the year, the casino closed as Schwartz and his partners had a falling out, but the seeds for racial integration were sown.
Many sources have credited Frank Sinatra and the Rat Pack as a significant driving force behind desegregation in the casinos. However, it took political action for racial desegregation to occur.
A meeting between the NAACP, the mayor and local businessmen resulted in citywide casino desegregation, starting with the employees.
Many whites were attritioned from positions and their jobs given to the black unions. Along with the rest of the country, Las Vegas experienced the struggle for civil rights.
Activists like James B. Aside from seeing no business advantage to excluding non-white customers from casinos and clubs, the organized crime groups themselves were composed of people of ethnicities Jewish and Italian that faced discrimination from WASP America and thus could understand the plight of blacks.
This was also a driving force behind the integration advocated by ethnic performers such as Sinatra and Martin.
Another big force for equality was Mayor Oran Gragson. Spurred into local politics by a vigilante ring of cops who repeatedly broke into his appliance store, he implemented infrastructure improvements for the minority neighborhoods in Las Vegas, backed the NAACP in its actions, and promoted black workers for jobs.
He also championed the cause of the Paiute tribe that owned a small portion of Las Vegas. Gragson stopped the U. His work helped reverse the decrease of minority populations in Las Vegas.
Local legislation kept up with the national legislation and integration was finally established. The only real violence came as a result of school integration, with violent riots and fights occurring in Clark High School when black gangs and youths began attacking the whites.
Integration sparked white flight from the school district from to On a percentage basis, Las Vegas and Clark County experienced incredibly high growth rates starting in the s and lasting until the late s recession.
During that period, the population of the city more than doubled in most decades. Oktober als das erste 5-Sterne Hotel von Las Vegas eröffnet.
Die Besucherzahl steigt auf über 30 Millionen. Am Strip wird das New Aladdin eröffnet. Weitere Themen über den Südwesten findet Ihr im oben oder mit der Navigation links.